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Please feel free to find any information about stock market and online stock trading in this blog. Tips, tactics and strategies you need. You can also check out at one of my links.


Yudi H.

Sunday, January 21, 2007

Stock Market For Dummies

"You, the dummy, and the stock market"

Ok, so you want to dabble in the stock market. Unfortunately, you don’t know how and where to begin. So what do you do?

Well, the first relevant thing to do is ask the basic question of what is a stock and its significance.

A stock symbolizes ownership of a company. Some view stock as certificates. So the more stocks a person owns of a particular company, the more of the company they own. And the more the company they own, the bigger the influence they have in running the company. This is called equity investment.

The next thing to do is familiarize yourself with financial terms such as ‘price-earnings ratio’, ‘margin’, ‘option’, ‘earnings per share’ and ‘leverage’.

Then, it’s on to knowing where and how to actually buy stocks.

There are two ways to buy stocks:

1. brokerage service

2. online exchanges (e.g. banks)

Exchanges are services that allow investors to access stocks all over the world. Here, they can buy and sell stocks without the need for a broker. Certain banks allow you to set up your own stock portfolio and buy and sell stocks online using the money you have in these banks.

Brokerage services are rendered by brokers. These middlemen do all the work for you. They research the stock market, give advice, and buy and sell stocks according to the wishes of their clients. These brokers earn a commission from the stocks bought or sold.

Once you have chosen how to buy and sell stocks, the next thing to do is to open an account. As stated earlier, exchanges allow you to monitor and control your stock portfolio personally. If you choose to enter the stock trade with a bank, then ask your bank the specifics of setting up your own account.

If you choose to trade stocks via a broker, find a reputable broker and ask them to open and manage an account for you.

After you have successfully set up an account, it’s time to study the stock market and plan your strategy: will you be conservative in investing your money? Or will you be aggressive? Are you in it for the long term? Or are you a day trader?

After you have identified your plan, it’s time to do some research on the stocks offered in the market. Having a broker will significantly make it easier for you as they will do the research and give you advice. But, it is still best to study the market yourself.

Be warned though, the stock market is volatile. Be prepared for a roller-coaster ride.

Monday, January 15, 2007

How To's of Stock Market Trading

Stock is ownership in a company. Each share of stock represents a small piece of ownership. The more shares a person holds, the more part of the company he owns. The more part of the company a person owns translates to more dividends he earns when the company profits.

A stock market is a market for the trading of publicly held company stock as well as associated financial instruments such as stock options and stock index futures. On the other hand, stock market trading is the buying or selling securities or commodities specifically in the stock market.

There are two basic methods of doing stock market trading. Traditionally, stock markets where open-outcry where trading happened on the stock exchange floor. The more modern way of doing stock trading is through electronic exchanges where everything occurs online real-time.

Stock market trading via the exchange floor could not look any more chaotic. When the stock market is open, hundreds of people are seen rushing about, shouting and gesturing to each another on the exchange floor. Traders are also often seen talking on phones, keeping a close eye on the consoles and entering data into terminals.

Online stock market trading moves the trading off the floors and more into the networks. The electronic market employs a vast network of computers to match buyers and sellers instead of human brokers. While lacking the excitement of the usual stock market exchange floor, it is faster and more efficient. Investors frequently get an almost instant confirmation on any trades done.

How does stock market trading work? Be it on the chaotic stock market exchange floor or electronically, one needs to get an investment broker first.

For traditional exchange floor trading, after asking a broker to buy a certain number of shares at the market, the broker’s order department sends this order to the clerk on the floor. The clerk alerts a trader who finds another trader who is willing to sell the shares the investor requested. The two traders agree on a price for the stocks and close the deal.

Notification is sent back the same way until the broker calls the investor to inform him of the final price. This process may take a while depending on the market and stocks. Days later, the investor receives the confirmation mail.

The electronic counterpart is less complicated because the stock buying and selling are matched by the computers in real-time. And the investors get instant updates on what happens to his stock trade.

Stock Market Basics

The stock market is a complicated game. In order for you to succeed in this business, learning the basics of the trade would be an important factor for your financial growth.

Before risking your money with the stock market, you should be able to recognize the factors vital in choosing which company to invest in. Here are the basics in learning some facts about the company:

1) Revenue. This refers to the amount of money the company makes. Although some companies that are still in the early development stage have no revenues to offer, many of the companies that have been in the market for years make use of the revenues to cover some losses and other costs.

2) Earnings. This refers to the money the company makes. Aside from revenues, the earnings are the money that would not be used in covering expenses. These are the extra money the company makes. Companies with large earning have an advantage in the stock market because investors examine the earnings made by the company they are about to buy stocks on.

3) Debt. This refers to the money the company owes in many ways. Because the company is in debt, the money they have is for paying up for the debit alone. Buying stocks from these companies would be risky because of the instability of the company.

4) Property. This refers to all the assets (money, stocks, and all businesses they own) of the company. Knowing these assets could give you an understanding of the company’s position in the industry. If the companies have significant properties in their hands, you could safely trust their background and immediately buy some of their stocks.

5) Financial responsibility. This refers to the account of the companies that they need to pay out. Meaning, if the value of their financial obligations are low, the company is not in danger of becoming in debt. Examining the company’s liabilities and comparing it with its assets could help in determining if you are ready to buy stocks from them. Make sure that the assets of the companies are always higher than the financial responsibilities they need to make.

It’s never safe to gamble your money away on some company you don’t even know. The basics of the stock market lie on the companies’ background. Make sure you research to ensure your money is in the right hands.

Saturday, January 13, 2007

How Stock Market Investments Work

People hear about the stock market every day. Each time the stock market hits a high, or a low, people hear about them. Daily statements are also issued about the activities of the stock market and its relevant economic implications. But what really is a stock market? What are stocks? And why is it that people want to do stock market investments?

The stock market is the marketplace where the trading of company stocks happen. These stocks may either be the securities which are listed on the stock exchange or those which are traded in a private manner. Stock market investments allow companies and private individuals to get a share of ownership in large corporations. It is also a way of gathering large sums of investment capital which is difficult to produce if the business is solely-owned. The large capital then comes from the stock market investments.

Stocks are shares of a company or business which gets on sale in the stock market. Stock market investment happens when a person buys a share of a company’s stocks that were put on sale in the stock market. For example, a businessman decides to sell his business in the stock market. Each stock market investment is represented by the person who buys his share of stocks. When this happens, any person who buys stocks in the businessman’s company will have an equal share of profits by the end of the year, and an equal vote in the company’s business decisions.

In the past, stock market investments were done by individual buyers and sellers. Through time, however, this has changed and the market participants evolved from individual investors to large corporations. This change in the activities of stock market investment has also helped to control movements in the market.

To encourage stock market investments, a business that wishes to sell its stocks to individuals and corporations could only do so if it becomes a corporation. Individual capital investors and big corporations who buy a number of shares of a business or a corporation are then called shareholders. Shareholders are the owners of the new incorporated business. Their stock market investments gave them the authority to claim ownership of the business. These people can now decide whether to privately or publicly hold their corporation.

In a privately held company, the shareholders are few and probably know one another. Their stock market investments are known to each other. The publicly held company, however, is owned by a large number of people who do stock market investments on the public stock exchange.

Thursday, January 11, 2007

Stock Market Investment Strategy

Strategic Moves on Stock Market Investment

Stock market investment is a risky stance, but it should not stop any aspiring investor from taking the first step. The choice to make the stock market endeavor succeed lies upon the investor.

1. Knowledge

A wise investor would only delve into stock market investment upon being apprised with the necessary and crucial information. It is a must to invest on companies only upon learning everything about it, from its past records, current performance and future plans.

Stock market investment advice should be sought considering the difficulty of locating that right stock that will give big returns. The investor must fully know the fundamental value of the stock he or she will buy.

Invest in a company which belongs to a familiar industry. The stock market investor must have a good understanding of the business in order to realize more the value of the stocks. This will also make the investor less dependent to analysts and advisers.

The sources of information to rely upon must be carefully chosen too. Tips offered in the market should be avoided as much as possible. These are usually given by people with vested interests.

2. Long-term goal

An important consideration in stock market investment is setting a long-term goal. The long-term goal would determine the approaches to be taken and influence the decisions to be made.

The adherence to that goal would ensure regularity in instances of indecision when the stock market gyration comes to play. It would avoid whimsical decisions adversely disturbing the finances. A long-term goal could result to a more stable financial future through steady purchases investments. The key word here is consistency.

3. Calculated Risks

There are risks in any business endeavors. However, this must be calculated to minimize the probability of loss and to increase the expectation of profits. Speculating is not an option.

Never gamble and risk losing big money in the stock market. Investments should not rake in huge losses. It is easy to buy stocks, but money lost would be difficult to gain back. One cannot afford costly mistakes.

The established system in realizing the long-term goal must be strictly followed then. This will reduce the probability of putting too much money just to incur big losses.

5. Discipline

To make the most of the stock market investment, the investor himself must possess the proper determination and discipline to continually persevere in realizing the long-term goals set.

Stock market investment today requires passion and courage to come out as a winner. The stock market gives the opportunities; all that is required of the investor is being prudent.

Wednesday, January 10, 2007

Stock Market Crash Course

Stock market is like a market place for businessmen. In a public market, goods are sold to the public. In a stock market however, stocks are sold to the public. Company stocks are sold in the form of shares. The more shares a person buys in a company, the higher his or her stocks are for that particular company.

The stock market consists of the primary market and the secondary market. Primary market is where companies raise finances for their operating expenses by selling shares to investors. The secondary are investors who buy and sell those shares to other investors. Their decisions are constantly based on changing market conditions.

A stock market is like an auction house. It is a systematic method of buying and selling. In a stock market though, it is a common sight to see people shouting and gesturing at one another.

The buying and selling of stocks begins in different places. If a person decides to purchase stocks in a particular company, a broker is contacted. This broker in turn takes the money of the investor and coordinates with a floor broker at the stock exchange. Usually a floor broker works for the broker or with the company selling the stocks.

At the stock exchange, floor brokers purchase the stock that the investor wants. When a deal is consummated, it is made known to a broker and the investor becomes a stockholder of the company.

That investor may decide to sell the stock. This is usually done when the price per share has gone up. This entails profit for the investor. For example, if a person bought 100 shares at $20.00 per share and the price increased to $25.00, selling those 100 shares results in $500.00 profit.

The economic principle of supply and demand is the driving force of the stock market. The number of shares of stocks that are open to the public dictates the supply and the number of shares that investors want affects the demand.

Movement of stocks in a certain market causes the constant changes in the prices of stocks.

For example, if most people believe that the economy is growing, they would buy more stocks. But if the economy is in a downfall, their tendency is to sell their stocks.

Many businessmen choose to make a long term investment in the stock market. There are instances where stocks decrease in value causing a stockholder to lose money. The stock market does not guarantee profit. The better a person is in reacting to the changes at the stock exchange; the better his chances are for profit.